히든위키 코리아

틀:Short description 틀:Redirect 틀:Use dmy dates 틀:Punctuation marks The hyphen-minus (-) is a character used in digital documents and computing to represent a hyphen (‐) or a minus sign (−).[1]

It is present in Unicode as code point 틀:Nobr; it is also in ASCII with the same value.


The glyph for the hyphen-minus is not as wide as that of the plus sign.

The use of a single character for both hyphen and minus was a compromise made in the early days of fixed-width typewriters and computer displays.[2] However, in proper typesetting and graphic design, there are distinct characters for hyphens, dashes, and the minus sign. Usage of the hyphen-minus nonetheless persists in many contexts, as it is well-known, easy to enter on keyboards, and in the same location in all common character sets.

As the minus sign

Most programming languages, restricting themselves to 7-bit ASCII, use the hyphen-minus, rather than the Unicode character 틀:Unichar, for denoting subtraction and negative numbers.[3][4]

The minus sign is nominally the same width as the plus sign. In proportional typefaces it is longer than a hyphen. During typesetting a word wrap may also occur following a hyphen-minus, unlike the minus sign proper which is treated as a mathematical symbol. These differences make "-" as a substitute for minus signs undesirable in professional typography.

Other uses

On typewriters, it was conventional to use a pair of hyphens to represent an em dash, and this convention is still sometimes used in computer text.

The hyphen-minus is often used to represent an en dash, which may be used to indicate ranges (such as a time range of "2000–2004"), direction (as in "The Los Angeles–London flight"), and other cases of connection. The en dash is normally longer (the width of a letter "n") than a hyphen, though in a fixed-pitch or typewriter font there is no difference. The hyphen connects closely, the en dash less closely, while the em dash (the width of a letter "m") separates.[5]틀:Failed verification.

See also



틀:Typography terms